blackwater

Wholly H2O, In the Know: Blackwater

Blackwater contains all types of wastewater from residential, commercial, and industrial sites, including: human waste, graywater; combined sewer/ stormwater systems also convey rain/ stormwater. Blackwater is also referred to as sewage, wastewater and sewer water… Continue Reading

Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Collection Potential

COLLECTION POTENTIAL
Urban areas in California have wastewater collection (sewerage) systems that convey blackwater to centralized treatment systems in buried pipes. In these cases, collection… More

Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Blackwater and Hydrology

BLACKWATER AND HYDROLOGY
Reclamation of blackwater and its reuse represents a reconfiguration and acceleration of the natural hydrological cycle. It is well established… More

WhollyH2O, In the Know, Blackwater Uses

BLACKWATER USES
Recycled water is defined in the California Water Code as “water which, as a result of treatment of waste [water], is suitable for a direct beneficial use or a controlled… More



Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Typical Components

TYPICAL COMPONENTS OF A BLACKWATER SYSTEM
Blackwater treatment systems intended for water recycling include some or all of the following components, usually provided by a public utility—County, City, Water District… More

Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Quality and Filtration

QUALITY AND FILTRATION
Filtration and disinfection of secondary effluent are key to production of tertiary-treated recycled water. Tertiary-treated recycled water is the most common quality of water reclaimed… More

Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Benefits

BENEFITS OF USING BLACKWATER
Reduces stress on limited supply of fresh water Environmental protection of waterways, reducing discharges of hyper-clean effluent from treatment of blackwater into the rivers… More



Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Costs

BLACKWATER COSTS
Water reclaimed from blackwater is generally more expensive to produce and deliver than potable water bought from water agencies. However, that cost is considerably lower than the… More

Wholly H2O, In the Know, Blackwater: Energy Use

ENERGY USE
Energy use for water recycling is generally far less than that required to develop other water resources, such as desalination or increased infrastructure from already tapped… More